Patna ( Bihar )
Patna is the capital city of Bihar. In ancient days, this city was called and known as Pataliputra. This city has seen rise and fall of various kingdoms and dynasties in the past, prominent among them is Mauryan Empire. It was the capital city of Mauryan Empire established by Chandra Gupta Maurya and later expanded and consolidated by Emperor Ashoka who embraced and spread Buddhism. There were many other prominent dynasties and rulers like the Gupta kings, Pal kings, Shershah Suri (16th century) etc.
The city extends for about 20 kms along the southern bank of the Ganges. The Ganges is widest at Patna since three major tributaries join her between Varanasi and Patna. Gandhi Maidan is the centre of busy Patna city.
GOL GHAR : This is a huge beehive- shaped structure constructed in 1786 in the background of a terrible famine in 1770 to store surplus grains as a precaution against possible famine. It is about 25 metres in height and offers a fine view of the town and the Ganges. It was built at the initiative of Captain Jon Garstin.
MUSEUM : This museum contains metal and stone sculptures dating back to the Maurya and Gupta periods right from the third century BC. Terracotta figures and archaeological finds from Nalanda are displayed here. There are also some original Chinese and Tibetan scrolls and paintings here. Ashes of Lord Buddha, a 16 metre long fossilized tree and statue of Yakshi (3rd century BC) are some prominent and prized catch.
KUMRAHAR : It is the site where the capital of Mauryan Empire existed. Excavations at Kumrahar reveal the 80 pillared huge hall of the Mauryan dynasty and remnants of the bricks of contemporary Buddhist monastery- Anand Vihar. Relics of four continuous periods from 600 BC to 600 AD have been unearthed during the excavations.