Bijapur ( Karnataka , South India)
Known as the City of Victory, Bijapur was once the capital of a powerful Muslim dynasty. It is a walled city known for its Islamic architecture. Once the capital of the Adil Shahi dynasty, it retains its dignity and royal grandeur. There are several historical old buildings around the city.
Gol Gumbaz: Gol Gumbaz is one of the most notable spot of Bijapur. Gol Gumbaj is the tomb of Mohammad Adil Shah, having the second largest dome in the world which is mysteriously unsupported by any pillar. The monument has become memorable for the whispering gallery under the dome, whose acoustics are superb. His two wives, mistress, his daughter and his grandson were also buried here. By the side of Gol Gumbaz is a large mosque regularly used for namaz.
Ibrahim Rouza: A mausoleum of Ibrahim Adil Shah II which is said to have inspired the construction of Taj Mahal at Agra. Verses from the Quran are inscribed in golden characters on the tomb.
Jumma Masjid: Having a large area for daily prayer, it is one of the finest mosques in India. It has a huge hollow dome.
Malik-E-Maidan: The largest medieval cannon in the world weighing about 55tonnes and 5 metres long.
There are many other minor monuments on the outskirts of the city which are of historical interest, such as Ara Killa, Anand Mahal, Mehtar Manzil, Bara Kaman, Gagan Mahal, Amin Dargah, Asar Mahal, Jahaz Mahal, Jod Gumbaz etc.
Bijapur, being a centre of power for a long duration, is surrounded by many historical places of touristic interest.
Bagewadi: Bagewadi, 43 kms from Bijapur, is also known as Basavana Bagewadi as it is the birth place of Sri Basaveshwara. It is a great place of religious importance.
Banashankari: Very near Badami is the ancient temple of Banashankari, popularly known as Shakambari, the tutelary deity of the Chalukyan rulers. The old temple is in Dravidian style said to have been built in the 9th century by the Rashtrakutas. In the shrine, the Devi is seated on a Lioness, and she is represented as Durga, with trident, sword and noose. In front of the temple is a three storeyed Deepastambha on the side of a pond called as Harischandra Tirtha. Situated in a picturesque natural setting, the annual festival attracts thousands of devotees and pilgrims.
Kappadi Sangama: Kappadi Sangama, 140 kms from Bijapur, is also known as Koodala Sangama. It is situated at the place where the two rivers Krishna and Malaprabha meet. The natural scenery is enchanting. It is also a place of religious importance as it was here that Basaveshwara lived for some time before he went to Kalyan. During the annual festival, this place attracts thousands of pilgrims.
Mahakuta: A small village situated in the picturesque secluded glade at the foot of the eastern slope of two hillocks, it was an old centre of Shaivites as well as Shaktas and was popularly known as Dakshina Kashi. It has an ancient Shiva temple dedicated to Mahakuteshwara. There is a pond near the temple known as Vishnu Pushkarini. In a little pavilion standing in the middle of the pond is a Shiva Linga with five faces popularly called as Panchamukha Shiva Linga.
Shivayogamandira: (14 kms from Badami) Situated amidst peaceful surroundings, this 800 year old institution has developed into a training centre for young students aspiring monastic life of spiritual life. Malaprabha river flows very near the place. It is now a full-fledged Adhyatma Kendra for Veerashaiva Dharma. There is a well equipped library and a hotel for 300 students, directed by experienced and learned monks of the Shaivaite order.
How to reach Bijapur:
Bijapur is very well connected by rail and good roads. All the interior places can be reached easily either by state bus or private van. Taxis and auto-rickshaws are available for local transport. Bijapur has excellent lodging facility for overnight stay.