Kozhikode ( Kerala , South India)
Originally called as Calicut, this place has been one of the most important commercial centers of Kerala. It was here at the Kappad beach, 20 kms. away, that Vasco da Gama, the first European traveller to reach India, landed in 1498. Unlike Goa or Kochi, Where the Portuguese influence is still discernible, Kozhikode shows very little evidence of this influence. The ruins of the fort, built here is perhaps the only evidence that can be seen.
The phenomenal growth of this part has been attributed to the Zamorine, the ancient rules of Kozhikode. Many merchant vessels have called at this port, lured by the rich property of Malabar, pepper, ivory and spices. About the 14th century, the Zamorins were the richest kings in the India. They encouraged the building of temples, besides beings great patrons of sculpture, art and learning. Tippu Sultan of Mysore occupied this place for same time and finally it went to the British in 1792. Kozhikode can be made as the base by tourist who desires to visit some the interior places.