Madhya Pradesh ( Central India )
Madhya Pradesh is geographically the largest state of India. Historically known as Malwa, it was very powerful under the great emperor Ashoka of the Mauryan dynasty. Ashoka founded the Buddhist centre in Sanchi, built Stupas and erected Mauryan trade mark- the four, standing back to back lions pillar. This lion sculpture is the national emblem of India.
Madhya Pradesh has seen many battles between the Hindus and the Muslim invaders. The fortified city of Mandu was the scene of these battles. Finally the Mughals took control of the state only to fall to the Marathas who in turn fell to British.
Madhya Pradesh is a land of ancient temples, places of natural beauty and historical memorials. Tourists from within the country and abroad arrive in large number for visiting its natural worth watching places such as Pachmarhi, Dhuandhar waterfall of Jabalpur, balancing rock, Amarkantak- the emanating point of river Narmada, Chitrakuta falls, Bandhavgarh Tiger Sanctuary etc. Emperor Ashoka was the first to rule over Ujjain City in Madhya Pradesh. In the beginning of 11th century, arrival of Muslims took place in central India. Initially came Mohammed of Gazni and afterwards Mohammed Ghori, who merged some of its territory with Delhi Sultanate. Madhya Pradesh came into existence in its present geographical form on November 01'1956.