Chandigarh has derived its name from Chandi Mandir, situated nearby. After merger of Lahore, the previous capital of Punjab with Pakistan in 1947 partition after independence, it was made the capital of Punjab. Presently, Chandigarh is the capital of both Punjab and Haryana and is a centrally administered territory by Indian Government. The famous French sculptor and city planner Le Corbusier with the help of his assistants Pierre Jeanneret, Jen Driu and Maxwel Fry got constructed this beautiful city. Abounding in natural beauty, this tidy city is considered as one of the most beautiful cities of the world from architectural point of view. The whole of city is divided into 50 sectors and each sector is provided with all modern facilities.Spread over 114 sq. km, this city is adorned with name of city beautifully.
Rock Garden : spread over 12 acre land, is a unique example of splendid craftsmanship of its creator- Nek Chand.Here, broken and useless articles are utilized in creation of such fascinating idols, animals and dolls, which are a treat to watch.
Sukhna Lake : located in the lap of Shivalik Mountain ranges, an enchanting lake, which is artificial and a perfect entertainment place for visitors. Here boating, water skiing and other water games can be enjoyed. This is a winter refuge for migrated birds coming from Siberia and faraway places.
Botanical Garden : located on 88 acres of land between Rock garden and Sukhana Lake, having charming gardens, Lotus pond and rare scenes of plant- house attract attention of tourists.
The Legislative Assembly (Vidhan Sabha): has huge pavilion- shaped gates, facing the High Court, with an alluring cubist mural painted by Lee Corbusier himself.
The High Court : a capital complex situated is a first sculpture creation.
The Secretariat : a capital Complex situated is a multi- storyed building, which is the biggest building. All these building are the unique examples of modern architecture art.
The Open Hand : made from metal sheet, is a 26 metre high huge hand revolves with speed of wind. It is a State SYMBOL of city whose aim is mutual exchange of lofty ideals. Government Museum and Art Gallery:has various ranges of historical and contemporary painting and sculpture arts.It remains closed on Monday.
City Museum : contains basic maps, photographs, plan model and documents depicting development of city from drawing board level to its completion. It remains closed on Monday.
National Gallery of Portraits : has pictures of Indian freedom fighters. It has been depicted rare documents, voices of leaders like Mahatma Gandhi and JawaharLal Nehru are also secured here. This gallery remains closed on Saturday and Sunday.
Leisure Valley : is a circular park- shaped valley, which starts from Sector 1 and after passing through various Sectors, ends at Sector 53. Many gardens fall in between the valley.
Bougainvillea Garden : spreading over 30 acres huge area, is a garden scattering panorama of colours. For promenading and making travel comfortable, bauhinia and other flower trees are grown alongside the roads and dense plantation of Bougainvillea flower plants is done at cross- roads. There is a cluster of eucalyptus trees in front of Tagore Garden.
Fitness Trail Park :where the exercise instructions are posted. One can keep himself healthy following them.
Sculpture Park : is an attractive decorative place for huge idols. This is an eminent place for exhibitions and handicrafts.
Rose Garden : spread over 30 acres of pond, is the Asia's biggest rose garden. There are more than 1600 species of rose flowers and a 70 feet high fountain, which creates a captivating atmosphere for the tourists. In spring season, great garden festival is held over here.
Shanti Kunj : is located towards south of Rose Garden. The Leisure Valley leads to the Japanese style garden known as the "nook of tranquility" in Shanti Kunj. One can also see Chandigarh Cricket Stadium, the venue of international cricket matches, here.
Bal Bhawan :has been stage and children traffic park. Children come to this place for playing entertainment or roller- skating.
Hibiscus Garden : houses scores of varieties of hibiscus flowers. Garden of Fragrance, situated here, may be termed as treasure of fragrance. Many varieties of flowers like rat- ki- rani, jasmine, yellow jasmine, round jasmine, damashk rose, mehandi, harsingar and many other variety of flowers and rare plants are also there.
Terrace Garden :is a colourful garden sprawling over an area of 10 acres. Every year in December Chrysanthemum exhibition is organized here.
Topiari Park : here with skillful use of frame and scissor the Creepers and Shrubs are given the Shape of birds and animals.
Beside these in Chandigarh, International Doll Museum, Manjmajra Fort,Jal Mahal, Panchkula etc. are also significant tourist places.
There are some other places worth visiting and watching:
Being near hilly areas and cold atmosphere, from Chandigarh Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh and Jammu& Kashmir are easily approachable through road route. For the pilgrimage place of these regions, Chandigarh is the main entrance gate.
Chhattbirh Zoo : is the place where tourists, in closed vehicles, can visit to see the lions and animals roaming in open and large area. For visiting this Zoo, situated on Chandigarh- Patiala route a special bus from Chandigarh remain arranged.