Rajasthan ( North India )
Rajputs, the warrior clan, ruled Rajasthan, the land of kings, for over a thousand years. Jaipur is the capital city of Rajasthan, the second largest state of Indian Union. Whatever the odds, the Rajputs fought their battle heroically and when they lost any battle against the Muslim invaders, the women-folk performed Jauhar, i.e., they would jump into pyres and sacrifice themselves rather than falling prey to the invaders.
Rajputs were never united and when they were not at war with outsiders they would be squabbling among themselves. Thus, they never posed a serious threat to Mughal invaders unlike the Marathas in central India. Each town and city in Rajasthan has a fort. These bring to memory the countless number of wars they fought.
In Chittaurgarh's long history, women consigned themselves to flames thrice, while men rode out donning saffron robes of rejoicing and fought the enemy till death. Because of their heroism, Akbar persuaded them to lead his army. Under the British, Rajasthan continued as a federation of princely states each with its own Maharaja. After Independence in 1947, Ajmer was merged with these princely states to form Rajasthan.
There are many old buildings in Rajasthan dating back to the 10th century, including the superb Jain temples, apart from its gargantuan forts and grand palaces. Many of the palaces here have been converted into hotels now. Prominent among them are the beautiful Lake Palace Hotel in Udaipur and the Rambagh Palace in Jaipur. The "palace On Wheels" is a special luxury train service for the tourists which operates weekly tours of Rajasthan, departing from Delhi. The carriages earlier belonged to various Maharajas.
Rajasthan is bordered on the north by Punjab, on the north-west by Haryana and Uttar Pradesh, on the east by Madhya Pradesh, on the south by Gujarat and on the west by Pakistan.
Rajasthan is famous for the charming beauty of the natural scenery consisting sand dunes of desert, the Aravali hills, the land devoted to heroism and bravery of Maharan Pratap with the loyalty and sacrifice of Panna Dhai and the devotion of Meera Bai and many other attractions. The ranges of Arawali cut the state obliquely beginning from Run of Kutch entering from the southwest of the state and reach Delhi touching through northwest. The variety of geographical phenomenon along with the mythological and historical saga of valour and heroism tempt the tourists to visit this land of variety and chivalry. On the one side, the state is charmed with lush greenery of the south hilly terrain along the city of lakes - Udaipur and whereas on the other side of golden glitter of vast desert at Jaisalmer adds new dimensions of sand adventurism.
On the one side, the architecture of Hawa Mahal in Jaipur is well renowned whereas on the other hand, the Chittaurgarh Fort, the symbol of the jauhar of Rani Padmini possess the importance from point of view of history.