Varanasi (Uttar Pradesh)
Varanasi, also known as
Banaras, is situated on the holy banks of Ganga. This historic city is a center for Indian education, religion, art and culture. Because of situated between Varuna and Asi rivers, it is called Varanasi. Kashi means the city of light. Light in Hindu verbatim is synonymous with ‘knowledge’ and ‘spiritual awakening’. Varanasi is one of the world’s oldest living cities. As a result, to a curious tourist on
Varanasi tour, the city offers a lot, tangible and intangible. Varanasi attracts majority of tourists for its ethereal occult appeal.
This is the religious city, where the Hindus want to pass their last days with the hope to get salvation. It is believed that whosoever dies here, gets salvation. The Pandas and Pujaries, along with their umbrelles at the Ghats, are the center of
attractions in Varanasifor the tourists and pilgrims. Kashi is also called the cultural capital of India.
Kashi Vishwanath Templehas been the place of pilgrimage for Hindus since ancient ages, which is devoted to a black idol of Lord Shiva (Vishwanath). From 11th century to 17th century, Vishwanath Temple, one of the prime tourist attractions in Varanasi, was assaulted and restored a number of times. Queen Ahilya Bai Holkar rebuilt it in the beginning of 18th century. In the year 1889, renowned king Maharaja Ranjit Singh of Punjab studded its 15.5 meters high acme with golden plating. Therefore, it is also called as Golden Temple. The evening worship is worth seeing.
The Ghat (River Front) of Varanasi:are magnificent. Varanasi tour without experiencing Ganga Aarti at Ghats of river Ganga is incomplete. The tourists get internal peace here.
Varanasi travelbecomes a fulfilling experience with a morning boating cruise along the ghats of river Ganga. Boating in the evening fills the tourists with joy and wonder.
The Galis of Varanasi :It’s the eccentric charm of the city that makes flourishing
Varanasi tourisman abstruse riddle. The Galis (narrow alleys) of Varanasi make it unique city. The serpentine narrow lanes symbolize the typical life style of its native people. Some of the famous Galis are Vishwanath Gali, Kachori Gali, Thatheri Bazar Gali, Khoa Gali etc.
Kashi Hindu University:was established by the most learned educationist and patriot Pt. Madan Mohan Malviya, collecting donations throughout the country. This is well renowned place for getting the knowledge of Indian culture. Bharat Kala Bhawan, a museum situated in its campus has a good collection of historic and scare ancient artistic idols, paintings and manuscripts.
Tulsi Manas Mandir:is dedicated to the Lord Ram. It is believed that Goswami Tulsidas created his epic 'Ramcharitmanas' at the same place. Besides above Kamkotiishwar Temple, Bharat Mata Temple, Annapurna Temple, Durga Temple, Sankat Mochan Temple, Kalbhairav Temple, Nav Vishwanath Temple, Gurudwaras, Jain Temples, Manmadir, observatory, Ram Nagar Fort and Museum are worth to be seen.
Sarnathis also one of the major tourist attractions in Varanasi. Sarnath is a pious and famous place due to its religious traditions, archeological remains and a place where Lord Buddha delivered his first sermon. After getting knowledge of ‘Kaivalya’ at Bodhgaya, he started his 'Dharma Chakra' here only. Emperor Ashoka, who spread the messages of Lord Buddha in his own empire as well in other countries, visited Sarnath around 234 B.C. and erected a 'Stupa ' here. Chaukhandi Stupa: made of bricks, is a squire edifice surrounded by an octagonal tower which is said to be built by Emperor Ashoka.
Dhamek Stupa:built with bricks and stones, which is 28 meters in diameter at the base most remarkable structure at Sarnath. The Ashoka Pillar: 20 meter tall, having four lions connected from back on the top was built by the Emperor Ashoka. Now it is a national emblem of India. The Chakra engraved under the foot of the Lionsis put on National Flag of India.
The Ashoka Pillar, 20 meter tall and having four lions connected from back on the top, was built by the Emperor Ashoka. Now it is a national emblem of India. The Chakra (wheel with spokes) engraved under the foot of the Lions is put on National Flag of India.
Superb India Tours offers relevant Varanasi information regarding various tourist attractions in Varanasi. Several Varanasi tour packages are on offer for the tourists interested in Varanasi travel. Many Varanasi packages include Sarnath in Varanasi tours. Superb India Tours recommends a tourist to definitely select a Varanasi travel itinerary which comprises a visit of Sarnath as well.
To reach Varanasi
Varanasi is though in a bit interior part of North India but it is well connected with almost all parts of India and is easily approachable by air, train and road. This oldest living city is connected with Kathmandu, Nepal by air and road. Sarnath, one of the most revered historic places in
Buddhist Pilgrimage Tourcircuit, is in Varanasi. Hence, flights from Buddhist nations also reach here frequently.
Varanasi is 780 kms away from Delhi. There are several flights of different carriers at different time from Delhi to Varanasi. It barely takes one hour 20 minutes to reach Varanasi from Delhi. Spice Jet, Jet Airways, Kingfisher, Air India ply between the two cities on daily basis. There are many trains that cater to the travelling traffic between Delhi and Varanasi on daily basis. The famous trains on the route are Shiva Ganga Express, Kashi Vishvanath Express, Lichhavi Express, Swatantrata Senani Express etc. Delhi to Varanasi journey 400 kms distance between Varanasi and Khajuraho, can be traversed by air, train and road but the tourists prefer the air travel the most because of shorter duration and convenience. It hardly takes 1:30 hrs to travel between the two cities.