Towering mountains in the north, the smooth curves of pristine coasts down South and much else in between- that's the Indian subcontinent in a nutshell. The variety is amazing- from tropical rainforests to unsparing expanses of desert and cold, snowcapped mountains.
Northern India stretches from the Greater Himalayan range to the upper reaches of the Deccan Plateau. Perennial rivers watering this region include the Indus, Ganga, Yamuna and Brahmaputra. South of the Indo- Gangetic plains lies the Deccan Plateau. On both sides of the plateau lie the hills of the Eastern and Western Ghats. The dramatic Thar Desert occupies large parts of western India. The Himalayas offer every kind of mountain experience, from gentle rolling foothills to gigantic peaks that are covered in snow all year. Glaciers, meadows and arid trans- Himalayan deserts make for a breathtaking vista.
The long coast down South- all 7516 kilometres of it- provides a refreshing contrast to mountain scenery.
Leave the mainland and you could be in the Andaman and Nicobar islands or the Lakshadweep archipelago, the emerald waters around them teeming with marine life. India's sole active volcano- Barren island- is set in the Andamans.