Sunderbans National Park West Bengal
Sunderbans National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage site, is a tiger reserve in West Bengal. It is located at the southern tip of West Bengal where the land meets the sea. The Sunderbans National Park covers a vast area of 4264 square kilometres in India alone and forms part of the world's largest delta, created by the mighty rivers the Ganges, Brahmaputra and Meghna. Situated on the lower end of Gangetic West Bengal, it is criss-crossed by hundreds of creeks and tributaries. The land is constantly being changed, moulded and shaped by the action of the tides. About half of Sunderbans is under water and the rest of the landscape is characterized by low-lying mangroves, alluvial islands and mud banks with sandy beaches and dunes along the coast.
There is rich variety of wildlife in Sunderbans National Park. The Indian Sunderbans National Park forms the largest tiger reserve and national park in India and is home to more than 250 tigers. Chital, deer, rhesus monkeys and other forms of wildlife abound. The marine life includes a variety of fishes, red fiddler crabs and hermit crabs. Sunderbans National Park is also noted for its conservation of the Ridley sea turtle. An incredible variety of wild reptiles is found here, including the king cobra, rock python and water monitor. The endangered river terrapin, batagur baska is found on the Mechua beach, while the barking deer is found only in Holiday Island in Sunderbans. Sunderbans National Park is a heaven for birdwatchers too and the list includes such rare species as the masked finfoot, mangrove pitta and the mangrove whistler.