During the rule of the Peshwas, Nagpur city was the capital of the Bhonsales. Nagpur was originally established by the Gonds in 1702 AD but later on annexed by the Marathas. Nagpur is the second largest city of Maharashtra. Vast tract of the region is fertile and plain. Nagpur produces world famous oranges and hence is rightly called as 'Orange City'. The name Nagpur derives from the river Nag that flows through it.
Cotton is grown in large quantities. Nagpur is situated in the centre of India and has a big railway station on Mumbai-Kolkata rail road of Central Railways. The city of Nagpur is called the 'Tiger Capital of India' also as it connects many of Tiger Reserves/ sanctuaries. Nagpur is also the second (winter) capital of Maharashtra state with a High Court bench for this area. There is a university at Nagpur as well as at Samgar. A large number of schools, colleges, technical institutes, printing press and theatres abound in Nagpur, the cultural capital of Maharashtra. Incidentally, Dr. Bhim Rao Ambedkar embraced Buddhism at Nagpur slightly prior to his death in 1956.