HUMAYUN'S TOMB - DELHI
It is the first tomb constructed by a wife and queen for her spouse king. Hamida Bano, wife of Mughal Emperor Humayun, built this tomb in 1574.It was the first mature example of Mughal architecture in India. The tomb established a standard for all later Mughal monuments which followed its design, most notably the Taj Mahal. It marks the advent of a new era in Mughal architecture. It turns out to be beginning of splendid blend of Indian and Persian architectural finesse. Introduction and synthesis of Charbag style of architecture in an Indian monument has been first seen in it. It was eclipsed later by Taj Mahal and the Jama Masjid. A Persian architect Mirak Mirza Ghiyath built this monument with high arches in red sandstone and white and black marbles. Many nobles of Mughal dynasty have been buried here. It served as a hiding place of last Mughal Emperor Bahadurshah Zafar during First Freedom Struggle in 1857.