Museums of Kolkata
The history, art, crafts and other forms of cultural manifestations have been tastefully preserved in Kolkata and can be seen in the several museums of Kolkata. These museums of Kolkata add colours to Kolkata tourism. Prominent among all museums in Kolkata is Indian Museum.
Indian Museum: Founded in 1884 AD, oldest and largest institution of its kind, Indian Museum is one of India's oldest and largest museums. As it is one of the oldest museums of India, it houses a large treasure of historically, culturally and scientifically invaluable assets of humankind like Indian and foreign arts. The museum has a vast repository of paintings, sculptures, bronzes, metals, coins, textiles and decorative art. It is popularly called the 'Jadughar' (house of magic).
The Indian Museum is an offspring of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, founded in 1784 AD. This museum was built in 1875 AD, originally founded by Nathaniel Wallich, known as 'Jadugar'. It is located at the corner of Sudder Street and Chowringhee Road. The question of storage and preservation of the various antiques was raised by its members before the Society as early as 1796 AD, but it was not until 1814 that the society resolved to establish a Museum in its premises. The Museum started with two sections viz. (a) archaeological, ethnological and technical and (b) geological and zoological.
In 1882 AD, the Government of Bengal took the onus to erect the wings of Indian Museum in Sudder Street. Consequently, construction started in 1888 AD and was finished in 1891. The 'Economic Court' gallery was opened for public in May 1901 AD. The palatial building, housing the Indian museum follows the Italian style of architecture, which was transferred to the present building in 1878 AD with just two galleries.
The Indian Museum is divided into six sections dealing with Archaeology, Art, Anthropology, Geology, Zoology and Industry including Botany. It is controlled by the Board of Trustees for the coordination of various sections.
At present, the Indian Museum of Kolkata has over 60 galleries for Archaeology, Art, Anthropology, Geology, Zoology and Botany sections. It is spread out over an area of 930 square metres.
It contains fossil skeletons of prehistoric animals, art collections, rare antiques, mummies, armour etc. which is probably one of the best in Asia. It's certainly the largest and probably the best Museum in India, and one of the best in Asia.
There are a number of unique fossil skeletons of prehistoric animals. Among them are giant crocodiles and an amazingly big tortoise. The art collection has many fine pieces from Orissan and other temples of Buddhist Gandhara art.
The oldest institution of its kind in the Asia-Pacific region, the Indian Museum was originally established on 2nd February, 1814 at the Asiatic Society. Dr. Nathaniel Wallich, botanist, was the founder-curator.
A multi-purpose and multi-disciplinary institution of national importance, the Indian Museum is the largest repository of artefacts in India. It is particularly famous for its zoological and geological collections.
Victoria Memorial Hall: The Victoria Memorial Hall depicts the times under the British Raj. Beyond its landscaped gardens and within its marble fašade, the Victoria Memorial houses a museum, which depicts the times under the British Raj. The exhibits include paintings, manuscripts, fire arms, statues, lithographs and furniture.
Calcutta Museum: The Calcutta Museum depicts the history of the city. It is located in one of Kolkata's heritage buildings- the Town Hall, which was renovated and rededicated to the city. The Academy of Fine arts, Nehru Children's Museum, Netaji Museum, Birla Academy of Art & Culture, Birla Industrial and Technological Museum, Rabindra Bharti Museum and Ashutosh Museum of Indian art are some of the museums that contain invaluable and rare objects of art.
Marble Palace: The Marble Palace has a collection of art objects and paintings. Built by Raja Rajendro Mullick in 1835 AD, it consists of his collection of paintings and Oriental and Western artifacts.
Science City: The Science City is the largest of its kind in India. One of the biggest projects of the NCSM is the Science City in the eastern outskirts of the city.